Donald Appleyard was an urban designer and theorist. He was born in England in 1928. He first studied architecture and then urban planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After his education, ee taught at MIT for six years.
During his career, he had a strong interest in environmental perception and community based planning. He was a humanist urban planner. He was pleased to work on people’s environmental issues. He also focused on the livability of cities and neighborhoods. Therefore, he began to work on neighborhood design in Berkeley, and Athens, and also on city wide planning in San Francisco and Ciudad Guayana.
During his career, he wrote more than one hundred articles and professional reports and a host of books. One of his remarkable books was called Livable Streets. He was comparing three streets in San Francisco, which had different levels of traffic. Light Street with 2,000 vehicles per day, Medium Street with 8,000 vehicles and Heavy Street with 16,000 vehicles.
HIs research suggested that the resident of the street with a low traffic volume had more friends compare to a resident street with high traffic because Heavy Street had less chance to interact socially. In other words, Light Street had more chance to interact socially than Heavy Street.
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Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the IMBA Seminar on Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy of the Institut Supérieur de Gestion, Paris, March 2015.
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