Car Free Day is an international event celebrated every September 22 in which people are encouraged to get around without cars, this process aims to promote the use of mass transit (train, bus), bicycling or walking. This project provide motorists and commuters with an idea of what their town would look like with less cars on the street; the event varies in different localities. In the past, projects like this were proposed as solution to temporary problems on a time to time basis, starting with the 1973 oil crisis. The project continued in this line until October 1994 when a more structured plan was presented in a speech by Eric Britton at the International Ciudades Accessibles (Accessible Cities) Conference held in Toledo Spain.
The first national campaign for Car Free Day was inaugurated in Britain by the Environmental Transport Association in 1997. And in 1999, France organised “In Town Without My car Day” on September 22, where 35 towns participated, the following year 66 French towns, 92 Italian towns and the Canton of Geneva participated in the first European “In Town without My Car Day”.
How it works:
To participate one needs to fill out a pledge form, and then go car free on September 22 every year.
Car Free Day is organized in various cities around the world. Today, Car Free Day is celebrated in 1,650 cities in 52countries.
Benefit to society:
- To reducing the number of cars on the street
- Less traffic congestion
- A greener environment and reduced gasoline demand
- Ecological benefit to the fight against climate change
- Allows children and other pedestrians play and walking on empty streets
- Policy makers are planning and encouraging mass transportation, car free housing complexes and car free extensions.
- Paris recently declared Saturday the 21st to Monday the 23rd of March free transportation day. This initiative is aimed at reducing the level of CO2 in the city.
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Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the IMBA Seminar on Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy of the Institut Supérieur de Gestion, Paris, March 2015.
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