Outline presentations of term paper intentions for group discussion and feedback:
Sebastian Lopez – Velib’ – Santiago Chile
Sebastian presented his subject concerning his final paper. The purpose is to implement the French bike Rental Company, called Velib’ in Santiago (Chile) in order to bring the population to be eco-friendly and limit the pollution of the city.
* Environmental problem: air pollution: CO2 emissions (about 50 years ago)
* 55% from car-motorcycles-buses
* Rest: industries, fireplaces, houses
Santiago VS Paris
* Territory: 640 km^2 VS 105 km^2
* Population: 7 Million VS 2.2 Million
* Cars: 2 Million VS (no information) (increase VS decrease) – important noise pollution in Chile
- Number of bikes in Paris: 100 000 bikes (20 000 Velib’) & 1 600 stations
- Santiago: we do not have the information
*Level of safety: bike paths, car speed regulation, traffic signals, enforcement (police)
* Technology (subscribe points, cards…)
* Cultural change: respect
Maki Mastumoto – Car sharing in Japan
The goal of Maki’s company is to provide Tokyo’s population car-sharing experience. With an easy subscription and a card member they can use the cars shared and parked into the tower houses of the city.
Tokyo is a Compact city – urban planning and urban design concept
Promote high residential density with mixed land uses
- Japan = 128 Million of population
- 79 Million of cars
- Area = 378 km^2
- Tokyo = 13 Million of population, 10% of total population
- 4.4 Million of cars (6% of total)
- 0.6% of total area
Tokyo is crowded – and eco-minded
- France: waste management
- Japan: good management – recycle management is very detailed and pushed.
Car sharing started in 2002, with two major companies in January 2011 (70 000 members today, around 4 000 cars)
- 200-300 apartments,
- average 50% parking,
- average price = 500 USD/month =100-150 parking/tower=30 to 45 potential cars to offer to families living in the same tower without cars (100-150)
1. Subscription 2. Reservation system 3. User and lender rating 4. Insurance re-writing
- Management association
- General constructor
- Government (ministry of environment, land, infrastructure and transport)
- City government
- Insurance companies
- Sharing excess capacity In case of trouble
- Pick up point
- Variety of the car
- Small investment
- Community development
Eric Britton said “The sharing cars are used for daily streets, from high density areas to low density areas.”
Why Sustainable development is holding back?
United States: religion is the main reason.
Belgium: the fact that there is no government implicates no decisions, and no sustainable development.
Greece: government problem, education, other priorities, economical problems need to be resolved in order to start thinking about sustainable development.
Israel: potential of growth, population is trying, problem with the government (military, safety), and not enough budgets, recycling is improving, and projects are being developing (better place). Problem of public transportation
Qatar: culture and society are the issue
France: culture, society and communication issue
Spain: difficult economy, but they feel concerned.
Korea: in order to develop sustainability, Korean society needs more communication, support and agreements. The government has a strange way to improve.
Chile: the problem is economical first (50% of poverty), so the sustainable development is not a priority for the moment.
Japan: Japanese people are eco-minded; they are doing many efforts to be eco-friendly. Japan is trying to reduce the CO2 emissions of 6% (unlike Russia and China that did not accept the agreement).
People Media Government
Individual Voting World
Family Changing Region, Country
Neighbor Distribution State, City
What is next? = = = = = = = = > YOU!!!